8 de novembro de 2018
Secretaria da Justiça e Defesa da Cidadania, em São Paulo
Pátio do Colégio, 184 – auditório
THE LAW AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS IN BRAZIL NEEDS URGENT CHANGES BECAUSE IT DOES NOT COMBAT THIS CRIME IN THE COUNTRY
AGREEMENT OF SÃO PAULO
Signed: by Brazilian and international specialists, to be sent to the authorities
We started this meeting promoted by the International Coalition against Trafficking in Women in Latin America and the Caribbean and the Organization Presence of Latin America, in the Ministry of Justice and the Defense of the Citizens, in Sao Paulo, presenting this document signed by all participants. Manifesto that defends the urgent need to reform the Brazilian Law against Trafficking in Persons, to ensure prevention, punishment, protection and assistance.
Trafficking in persons is a crime that makes Brazil a record holder in South America with the largest number of women trafficked for sexual purposes, denounces the Association for Prevention and Reintegration of the Prostitutes Woman in Spain.
Trafficking in persons, slavery in the XXI Century, with a huge number of victims around the world, over two million, per year, report the UN and the International Labor Organization (ILO).
Traffickers buying and selling persons, such as merchandise, for slave labor, organ withdrawal, drug transport and, in most cases, girls and women for sexual exploitation. Women and girls who are drugged to maintain sexual intercourse with clients from 10 to 13 hours a day, report NGOs dealing with these victims.
Our document, with seven proposals, will be delivered to the Brazilian authorities and be published on the websites of our institutions and on our Facebook pages in Sao Paulo, Mexico, Argentina, the United States and Norway.
In Brazil, trafficking in persons is an UNDERREPORTED CRIME. The warning is at the conclusion of a survey on trafficking in Persons, published by the Ministry of Justice in December 2017: “The criminal justice system functions as a funnel, where the number of cases identified by the police is less than the number of real cases, the number of lawsuits distributed in the judiciary is also lower than the number of police investigations instituted and the number of convictions is TEN TIMES LOWER than the number of cases. “
In Brazil, the law prohibits the crime of trafficking in persons in the Law 13,344, 2016, inspired by the Palermo Protocol, a document that defined the requirements for recognizing victims of trafficking in persons and entered into force in 2003. BUT THE BRAZILIAN LAW OF 2016 DOES NOT INCLUDE THE TOTAL PROVISIONS OF THE PALERMO PROTOCOL. THERE IS A LACK OF MEASURES TO DISCOURAGE DEMAND FOR ANY FORM OF EXPLOITATION OF PERSONS.
Our seven proposals CONFIRM the URGENT need to create prevention programs, make prosecution and sanction real and, mainly, create shelters with protection, medical, psychological and legal assistance to victims until their full recovery.
PREVENTION PROGRAMS – in Brazil, the Brazilian Association for the Defense of Women, Children and Youth, has developed research, courses and sample programs in the prevention of trafficking in persons, which can be replicated by other organizations. Leaders such as Dalila Figueiredo and Vera Vieira are authors of books that should be mandatory in public schools and universities throughout the country. The book by Priscila Siqueira and Maria Quinteiro, “Trafficking in Persons” is another example of a book that should be adopted throughout the teaching network, the Federal Government should maintain prevention campaigns in radio and TV stations. As well as bring to schools videos/movies on the subject. And, the churches should be encouraged to promote conversation circles on the subject.
SHELTERS – It is necessary to create in the municipalities, shelters for victims of trafficking in persons, to ensure protection, medical, psychological and legal care. Brazilian law should make it clear that the fines imposed on traffickers and those imposed to persons who are using these services or products will be to maintain shelters and organizations that deal with the recovery of victims.
INDEMNITY FOR DAMAGES – Brazil must also make clear in the law, that fines will also be for indemnity of victims of trafficking in persons for all damages suffered. Brazil must strictly punish traffickers by arresting and confiscating bank accounts and assets acquired during the crimes.
DATABASE ON TRAFFICKERS – To gather on the digital platform the information of civil Police, military and federal, facilitating the identification of criminals in any city or country.
INCREASING POLICING AT BORDERS – Regions with the highest incidence of trafficking in persons.
STRENGTHEN AND EXPAND THE NETWORK OF NUCLEOS – To cope with trafficking in persons and advanced posts, especially in border regions, and provide international agreements that offer victims refuge in another country.
UPDATE AND DISSEMINATE THE REFERENCE GUIDE TO THE NETWORK FOR COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS.
In the names of the thousands of victims and their families, we appreciate your important attention. For the good sake of Brazil and the welfare of Brazilian poor women and girls.